international school in Brookefields

Saving Ecosystems on Land

The Animals of whole ecosystems on land are going extinct because of two reasons: Poaching and Deforestation. The poaching of prey animals leaves the predators starving, simultaneously reducing the prey numbers. The predators are poached and their numbers reduce at the same time. Deforestation leaves animals homeless. Some animals may adapt to another similar habitat, but others cannot. So to prevent this, here is my theory on how to save the ecosystems on land.

All Ecosystems have one or more apex predators (animals that are not eaten by any others). So if pick one such predator that is endangered and take the necessary measures to protect it, many of the other animals, predator and prey, that are in the same ecosystem will benefit.

For example, the harpy eagle’s prey is medium-to-large prey like sloths and monkeys. It also eats smaller animals like squirrels, porcupines, armadillos and opossums. Other predators in its ecosystem are ocelots, jaguars and cougars. To save this one species we need to take measures to prevent poaching (of both predator and prey). This will help save the species it is connected to as well.

In addition to Poaching, we will need to prevent deforestation. Deforestation reduces the habitat of both the harpy eagles (who depend on it for building nests) and its prey. If deforestation is prevented, the habitat will regrow and the harpy eagles and its prey will have a home again.

If we could do this for every land ecosystem, eventually we will have saved most of the endangered animals and removed the b danger of other animals becoming endangered.

We can do this for tigers, cheetahs, hyenas and many other animals.

Thank you!